The stem is slender, branching, and sparsely to densely prickly, growing to a length of 1.5 m (5 ft). The leaves reopen in several minutes, and it is thought that this adaptation is a defense against browsing herbivores who may be startled by the movement. The plant’s unusually quick response to touch is due to rapid water release from specialized cells located at the bases of leaflet and leaf stalks. Native to South and Central America, the plant is a widespread weed in tropical regions and … Quietly, the highly touch-sensitive Mimosa recomposes herself by uncurling her leaves and pulling her stems upright again within a few minutes after the ordeal. Sensitiva-Mimosa Pudica – Organic Powder 100% natural. Image: Canva. The plant is susceptible to root rot in compacted or overly wet soils. The well-known sensitive plant, or humble plant (Mimosa pudica), is commonly grown in greenhouses as a novelty for its rapid leaf movements in response to touch. The stout, shrubby plant generally grows up to 18 inches tall, producing delicate, fern-like leaves and fluffy yellow or purple flowers. The petioles are also prickly. Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. While you can use both of these methods, keep in mind that propagation from seeds is the quickest and most effective way to propagate Mimosa Pudica plants. Sensitive plant will grow indoors next to a sunny window with some direct sunlight. Growth can be enhanced with a high-potassium liquid fertilizer diluted to about half strength with water, applied to the soil every two weeks during the growing season. The leaves of the mimosa pudica close rapidly after being touched. In addition to its response to physical stimuli, the leaves also droop in response to darkness and reopen with daylight, a phenomenon known as nyctinastic movement. This tropical plant need loamy soil that is well-draining. It can hang very low and become floppy. The fine leaflets open in the daylight, yet when touched will collapse downward. This is similar to the effect of cutting open an aloe plant or soaking chia seeds. Place seeds in a moist soil medium, cover with a light sprinkle of soil and place in a warm, bright location. It is native to the eastern U.S. and the West Indies. Mimosa pudica - The Sensitive Plant; Shy Plant; Sleep or Tickle Me Plant. Best known as touch-me-not or the sensitive plant, we are, of course, speaking of Mimosa pudica. The stem is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. Also known as shameplant, sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica) is a tropical member of the Mimosa genus. The best way to grow Mimosa pudica annually is by seed, as the plant will acclimatise to your home's environment much better than with those cultivated initially by a nursery. Sensitive plant should be planted in well-draining loamy soil enhanced with peat moss to improve drainage. Seeds generally take about a week to germinate, according to Guide to Houseplants. Plant Mimosa pudica seeds indoors in spring, at any time before the last frost. Insecticidal soap sprays should not be used, as they can blacken the leaves, according to Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Sensitive plant, (Mimosa pudica), also called humble plant, plant in the pea family (Fabaceae) that responds to touch and other stimulation by rapidly closing its leaves and drooping. The digestive tract is often unable to break down the mucilaginous he… The Mimosa pudica or Sensitive Plant is the variety most often grown as a houseplant. Seeds may also be placed in hot water and soaked overnight. Always water first before fertilizing to avoid burning the roots. [2] X Research source If you have growing lights and good temperature control, you may plant them indoors at any time of year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mimosa Pudica (touch me not) sensitive leaves, 5 years old, broom style, conditions may vary. Sensitive plant may be propagated by seed indoors any time of the year. If you wish to propagate your Mimosa Pudica, there are a few effective methods you can use. Mimosa pudica, commonly known as sensitive plant, is a low-growing, creeping, thorny herb. Pedunculate (stalked) pale pink or purple flower heads arise from the leaf axils in mid summer with more and more fl… It prefers an average room temperature between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Pudica follows the common mimosa form with attractive pink pom pom flowers. The most common ways to propagate this plant is from seeds or using cuttings. This plant moves when you touch it! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A few weeks ago I posted a video on my Instagram of a plant that moves when you touch it. Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica) This plant will bring hours of entertainment to kids of any age. Mimosa pudica is known for its rapid plant movement. The Mimosa Pudica reacts once its sensors detect touch or vibration. Mimosa pudica is categorized as an annual flowering plant, which grows quickly from fresh seeds, later dying with the first killing frost. This process is called Thigmonasty . Mimosa Pudica Anti Venom Activity: An interesting study was done on the anti venomous activity of … The Sensitive Plant actually moves when you touch its leaves. The Sensitive Plant has prickly delicate branches and feathery fronds that fold inward and droop when they are touched, shaken, or even blown on; these are called seismonic movements. The stem is slender, branching, and sparsely to densely prickly, growing up to 5 feet (1.5 m) long. With plenty of light and lots of water, even an amateur houseplant hobbyist can enjoy the sensitive plant in their home too. The leaflets re-open after about half an hour. Are Dracaena Marginata Plants Safe for Children? The plant is considered invasive in tropical climates. Arthritis can cause swelling and pains in the joints. Soak the seeds in lukewarm water for around 24hrs in a dark location, preferably on top of an operating radiator. These movements, refered to as seismonasty, allows to plant to fold in its leaves when touched or provoked due to a loss of tugor pressurre in the plant cells. The sensitive Mimosa (Mimosa pudica in botany) is one of those plants that both children like and amazes the elderly for their “magical” characteristics. Also known as shameplant, sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica) is a tropical member of the Mimosa genus. Sensitive plant scientifically known as Mimosa pudica is a creeping annual or perennial herb which is also known as Touch-me-not, Sensitive Grass, Shame Bush, Shame Face, Shame Lady, Shame Weed, common sensitive-plant, shameplant, TickleMe Plant, Shy plant, Sleeping grass and Prayer Plant.Mimosa belongs to the taxonomic group Magnoliopsida and family Mimosaseae and is … Mimosa pudica, known as sensitive plant, is fascinating to children and adults alike because its leaves quickly fold up when touched or exposed to heat, returning to normal after a few minutes. Corrections? Some of the important phytochemical compounds isolated from the Mimosa pudica plant are mimosine, jasmonic acid, betulinic acid, stigmasterol, Beta-sitosterol, 2-hyrdoxymethyl-chroman-4-one, dimethyl ammonium salt and mimopudine (5). Though it will grow outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11, it has a tendency to spread aggressively and may become weedy. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Choose a planting time. The Mimosa Pudica is a gelatinous plant capable of scraping parasites from the walls of the intestines. Mimosa pudica, aka the Sensitive plant, belongs to the Leguminosae family and is the only one of about 500 species cultivated as an indoor plant. Mimosa pudica, aka sensitive plant, is a tropical plant with nerve regenerative potential. The sensitive mimosa reacts to the touch by contracting its leaves in the direction of its stem. The plant is unique because it is classified as a mucilaginous herb. Native to South and Central America, the plant is a widespread weed in tropical regions and has naturalized elsewhere in warm areas. Mimosa pudica, commonly known as the sensitive plant, is a wonder of nature. Various other species are cultivated as ornamentals for the beauty of their foliage. The leaves are bipinnately compound, with one or two pinnae pairs, and 10–26 leaflets per pinna. Other names for the Mimosa pudica are the Shame plant and Sleepy plant The sensitive plant is a far cousin of beans and legumes, which are also part of the Fabaceae family. Though not especially prone to disease, sensitive plant may become infested by common house plant pests such as red spider mites, mealy bugs and thrips. The plant may be grown outdoors as an annual in USDA zones 2 to 8. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The plant also contains toxic alkaloids that can harm humans and animals if ingested. Mimosa pudica. Can I Propagate Asparagus Ferns From Cuttings? The Mimosa pudica seeds shrub that is grown for its curiosity; the fern-like leaves close up and droop when touched, usually re-opening within minutes. The plant also helps bulk up the stool in a similar way as fiber. It can hang very low and become floppy. Simply by brushing Mimosa pudica, this process is activiated. You may think that the plant has a 'default' position of open and upright, but from all of our research, it seems as though the default position is actually down and folded. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sensitive-plant, h2g2 - The Sensitive Plant - Mimosa Pudica. The Sensitive Plant (or plant mimosa pudica) has gained a lot of attention due to the odd, un-plant-like movements this species has. Its delicate foliage and the movement of its leaves are some of the most attractive aspects of the sensitive plant. The plant is a spiny subshrub and grows to a height of about 30 cm (1 foot). Spraying the plant with a direct stream of water can help remove pests. It is commonly grown as a curiosity in greenhouses. Cures joint pains and arthritis. The plant also has several nicknames, like “sensitive plant” and “touch me not.” These monikers are due to the plant’s bizarre ability to rapidly fold its tiny leaves and droop when touched. Omissions? Any toxins present in the colon are absorbed by a gooey, thick mass. Sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica) is an easy-to-care-for, flowering plant in the pea/legume family Fabaceae. "Pudica" is the Latin word for shy or modest. Mimosa pudica is a creeping annual or perennialherb. Water regularly to keep the soil moist, but not water logged. The Sensitive plant - Mimosa pudica - is most often grown as a houseplant and it has feathery fronds which respond, when touched, by folding up. Care should be taken when handling the plant, as the stems have sharp spines. This is a fascinating action that can capture the attention of both adults and children. It is most sensitive in full sun. The leaflets can close together in response to stimuli. diplotricha), though it can be distinguished by the size and shape, as the giant sensitive plant is an upright climbing plant. Propagation from Seeds. It has compound leaves and small globular pink or mauve flower puffs. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... See the unusual rapid movement of the sensitive plant (, The well-known sensitive plant, or humble plant (. The stem is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. Rich in Antioxidants. Mimosa Pudica plants are actually sensitive to physical parameters like touch, temperature, and light, which means the plants fold and shrink their leaves and even look like they are dead when someone touches them or when there is a sudden variation in temperature or light. The Mimosa pudica plant is high in antioxidants, which help stop the formation … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). While it has a lot to offer as a houseplant, with its feathery compound leaves and pretty powder puff flowers, it’s the amazing leaf action that makes this tropical plant so intriguing: At the slightest touch, the leaflets will quickly close together! This has earned it many nicknames including shameful plant, touch-me-not, and sensitive plant.The names are rather ironic considering that many of the traditional medical uses of the plant are for conditions that people might find embarrassing. To effectively … Mimosa pudica is part of the Fabaceae family of plants. The plant will also grow under bright grow lights and may be brought outside during the summer. The common sensitive plant (Mimosa pudica) has many similarities with the giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha var. Seeds are quite tough, and should be nicked with a knife to help improve germination success. This means if the plant comes in contact with liquid, it will swell up. Sensitive plant, (Mimosa pudica), also called humble plant, plant in the pea family (Fabaceae) that responds to touch and other stimulation by rapidly closing its leaves and drooping. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. 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