Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. June: Now, keeping your poinsettia in its pot, move it outside into a partially shaded location. Prep Your Poinsettia for Outdoors Once the holidays are over, turn your attention to poinsettia plant care that prepares the plant for its move outdoors. When keeping the plant through the year, begin fertilizing in the spring at half strength when there's no growth—not until then. I have been told they might get damaged if to big in a Hurricane. If you live in a place with mild winters, you can plant the poinsettia outside as a perennial. He took the plant outside during the warm months and replanted it in a huge pot to allow it to grow. The poinsettia was introduced to the United States in 1825 by Joel Poinsett, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico. Alternatively, use slow release pellets in spring. Growing Poinsettias Outside. Then, place your plant in a nicely lit window and water it well. Plant Care For Poinsettias Planted Outside. Poinsettia plants are native to Mexico, where they can grow up to 16 feet (4.9 m) tall. Don’t transplant poinsettia plants … Note that some fancy colors, such as blue, are produced using dyes and the plant won't bloom again with the same color of bracts. 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Keep your Poinsettia plant near a sunny window where it will have the most available sunlight. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United State… Poinsettia thrives in bright light as a houseplant and also outdoors in partial shade in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. In June, prune the poinsettia again and continue fertilizing and watering lightly through the end of the summer. You can keep your poinsettia healthy and vigorous throughout the holiday season with the right care. Some stores sell poinsettias in cellophane cones that will protect the plant from wind damage, but if it’s bitterly cold outside, the bracts and leaves could still suffer. Growing a Poinsettia plant outdoors generally requires a minimum temperature of about 45°, but they grow best when night temperatures are about 60°. Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Poinsettias need bright, but filtered light, away from strong sun and draughts. How to grow poinsettias in a garden Choose a spot in the garden that receives full sun to part shade that is sheltered from strong winds. Once all of the leaves have died back, prune the bushes back to two buds and keep it in a bright location. They certainly are not meant to be eaten by humans, pets, or livestock and ingesting poinsettias would probably cause some stomach upset, as would eating almost any houseplant. Keep your poinsettias away from drafts and chilly air. Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. 'Jingle Bells' has red bracts dotted with pink. 2 Be realistic about the plant's appearance. In one of the best cases of return on investment, Mike Doehl turned a $5 poinsettia bought at a Montreal store three years ago into a looming giant. If you wish to keep your poinsettia through more than one season and force reblooming, follow these steps. A window that faces south, east or west is the best location to place your Poinsettia. Your plant should be kept at a temperature of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and should be fertilized every two weeks. The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. The name poinsettia is derived from his name. If you've ever seen a leggy poinsettia in bloom, with only a couple of sad looking leaves hanging on, it was probably exposed to temperatures that were too cool or to extreme shifts in temperature. However, poinsettias have undergone extensive testing and there is no evidence that they are toxic or unsafe to have in the house. Water the plant whenever the surface feels dry to the touch. If you want to save your poinsettia and bring it to bloom again next year, you can follow the repotting and reblooming procedure. Over-watering causes the most issues for poinsettia plants. However, cold drafts, allowing the leaves to touch a cold window, or more importantly, lack of decent light, can injure the leaves and cause premature leaf drop. The bright bracts are designed to attract insects to the tiny yellow flowers in their centers. Poinsettia needs is to be transferred to the soil in your garden and grow outside, where it forms huge tree-shaped shrubs over the years. Place the poinsettia near a sunny window. The familiar red blooms have been joined by even flashier colors. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated. If it gets too hot and dry, their growth might slow. Continue the same watering and fertilizing … Usually, this is from June to July in temperate zones. Besides the traditional red, you will find different colors to enjoy, including cream, yellow, and pink. Water your potted poinsettia when the soil starts getting dry and place it in a sunny location in your home, protected from air currents. Poinsettia indoor plant. Research has proven that the poinsettia is not lethal to humans or pets unless eaten in extremely large amounts. The poinsettia is not a poisonous plant. When you start planting poinsettia outdoors, you’ll have to find a location with similar attributes. Half of this plant's charm is its bright red foliage, so the brighter the bracts, the better. Think of milkweed, another common Euphorbia. For more information about poinsettia plants outdoors, read on. You can start planting poinsettia outdoors after all chance of frost has passed. Poinsettias are considered shrubs or small trees that can grow as tall as 13 feet. Poinsettia … After your poinsettia drops its leaves, cut the stems back to 4 to 6 inches high and let it go somewhat dry between waterings. Plant taxonomy classifies Christmas poinsettias as Euphorbia pulcherrima, literally, "the most beautiful Euphorbia" (Euphorbia is not only a genus name but also the name of a large plant family). Since the plant flowered naturally during the Christmas season, it became readily linked with the holiday. Look for these varieties: For years, poinsettias have had the bad reputation of being poisonous. Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Getting a poinsettia to rebloom is not an easy process, so don't be disheartened if you don't have success your first try. Warmer zones may be able to move the plant outdoors earlier. Euphorbias, the plant family that includes poinsettias, exude a milky sap when broken. Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. Poinsettia is a plant that can be kept all year round. Depending on your climate, poinsettias tend to due better outside than in, so grow them outside where they get partial shade in the afternoon. Water your poinsettia when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. In the right climate and with the right planting location and care, these bright Christmas favorites can shoot up to 10-foot (3 m.) shrubs in rapid order. If you live in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, you can begin planting poinsettia outdoors. Once you see green shoots in spring, start a regular watering and feeding program. To be safe, wash your hands after handling a poinsettia plant and try to avoid pinching or pruning them with your hands. Sunlight should be available for the Poinsettia for at least five hours a day. The plant needs specific conditions in order to make it turn the deep red and green it is famous for around the Christmas holidays. July: In early July, pinch back each stem by about one inch. Wilting is a common cause of leaf drop. Sign up for our newsletter. Pinching back the tips of new growth creates a bushier plant, but the bracts themselves are smaller. While it may be easier to buy new plants each year, it is possible to get them to rebloom the next season. Hybridizers have expanded the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bicolors. If you opt to use water soluble fertilizer, add it to the watering can every other week. Ask the Expert: when do I need to prune my outdoor poinsettia’s? Many people buy poinsettia plants to decorate for Christmas and aren't sure how to care for them when the red leaves fall away. Throughout the spring, you should aim to expose your poinsettia to lightly cooler temperatures, of between 13 °C to 18 °C (55 °F to 65 °F). It is native to Mexico, and they need a warm climate … Because poinsettias have been forced into bloom, they need some extra care to keep them in bloom throughout the holidays. 'Tri-Color' has bracts in red, white, and pink. A poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) will grow into a large shrub if transplanted outdoors in warm areas of the U.S. Follow the repotting and reblooming procedure poinsettia in its pot, move it outside into partially. Back to two buds and keep it in the season, it can most often be attributed to too,! 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